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Building London after great Fire


As we all know in 1666 London has suffered a great fire that destroyed the City, almost entirely, almost five-sixths of the walled area of the medieval city. Within the area of the fire, no buildings survived intact above ground, though churches of stone, and especially their towers, were only partly destroyed and now stood as gaunt and smoking ruins. At least 65 000 people became homeless and we can see an increase in the rental demand. From here, many building sites starting so London to be rebuild. By the end of 1670, almost 7000 sites had been surveyed and 6000 houses built. But, of course, due to the unpleasant situation some Building Regulations Rules are put forward. So only four sizes were specified in the rebuilding Act - the largest was a house at the back of a courtyard. The courtyard houses and the second type, which fronted major streets, were restricted to four storeys in height whereas before the Fire they were sometimes six. Ordinary streets and alleys contained two smaller types, limited to three storeys. All houses had to be constructed of brick, though some timber was allowed in practice (especially for the cornice at roof-level), and the external walls were to be of different thickness depending on the type of house.

Building Regulation after the great fire: